Mississippi’s highest court is the Mississippi Supreme Court. The court has six associate justices, two presiding justices, and one chief justice. The chief justice is selected by seniority. (Source: Mississippi Bar Association)
Mississippi Supreme Court justices are selected for an eight-year term through a nonpartisan election, where multiple candidates may vie for the seat. Justices may seek additional terms through nonpartisan elections. When a seat opens in the middle of a justice’s term, the governor appoints a candidate to fill the vacancy. If less than half of the vacated term remains, the appointed justice serves the remainder of the unexpired term. If more than half of the term remains, the appointed justice holds office until Mississippi’s next general election more than nine months after the vacancy occurred. The elected justice serves the remainder of the unexpired term. There are no term limits, nor is there a mandatory retirement age.
Mississippi has had four state constitutions adopted between 1817 and 1890. As of January 1, 2022, it had 127 amendments. (Source: Council of State Governments)
A recent Tennessee Supreme Court case that made it harder for those convicted of a felony to vote could could tip the balance in close elections.
All but one state constitution affirmatively establishes a right to vote.
The court struck down the creation of new appointed circuit judges while leaving an inferior court intact
The conservative court is being asked to revisit precedents protecting abortion rights.
Two court decisions raise questions about whether modifying discriminatory provisions can wash away their dubious histories.
Recent scholarship raises important questions about how state high courts should use the history of their state’s constitution, particularly when information is lost or unreliable.