Arizona’s highest court is the Arizona Supreme Court. The court consists of five justices, one vice chief justice, and one chief justice. The chief justice and vice chief justice are selected by a majority of the court. The chief justice serves a five-year term and the vice chief justice’s term is determined by the court. (Source: Arizona Supreme Court)
The governor appoints Arizona Supreme Court justices from a list provided by a judicial nominating commission. After at least two years on the court, the justice can stand for a six-year term in an unopposed yes/no retention vote in Arizona’s next general election. Justices can stand for additional terms through retention elections. The governor fills interim vacancies from a list provided by the judicial nominating commission. The mandatory retirement age is 70.
Arizona’s first and only constitution was adopted in 1911. As of January 1, 2022, it had 156 amendments. (Source: Council of State Governments)
All but one state constitution affirmatively establishes a right to vote.
Courts are considering new foundations for abortion rights, while incremental challenges may slowly chip away at Dobbs.
The conservative court is being asked to revisit precedents protecting abortion rights.