Kyle C. Barry

Kyle C. Barry is director of the State Law Research Initiative and a freelance writer. 


Massachusetts Rejects Harmful Federal Standard for Evaluating Whether Punishment Is Unconstitutional

The state supreme court’s decision outlawing life without parole for people aged 18 to 20 is notable for both its outcome and the test it used to get there.

What Is ‘Punishment’? How State Courts Can Fix a Destructive Flaw In Eighth Amendment Case Law

Courts should consider prison conditions and collateral consequences — not just prison time — when reviewing whether punishment is excessive under state constitutions.

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