Only a tiny fraction of New York criminal court decisions are publicly accessible, hampering New Yorkers' ability to hold their judges accountable.
How judges are selected can impact who sits on state courts and how they approach their role. Processes may vary depending on both the level of court (trial, intermediate appellate, high court) and the type of vacancy being filled (interim vacancies or vacancies that open at the end of a judge’s term). The most common methods of state judicial selection are merit selection, which involves vetting of candidates by a nominating commission coupled with a retention election, nonpartisan elections, partisan elections, gubernatorial appointment, and legislative appointment. For a breakdown of each state’s judicial selection process, see this interactive map.
Justice Janet Protasiewicz declined to recuse herself from a challenge to the state’s legislative maps, while Republican legislators may be stepping back from impeachment threats.
The candidates for an open seat on Pennsylvania’s supreme court have very different approaches to legal interpretation.
The outcome could have big implications for abortion rights, elections, and more.